Your Complete Guide to Electric Cars in Ireland
Electric cars are being sold in Ireland as the vehicle of the future, but why exactly? What are the advantages and disadvantages of electric cars? Which one will give you the most bang for your buck? Electric or hybrid? Read on and find all the answers you need about electric cars in Ireland.
What type of electric cars are available in Ireland?
You have probably seen the terms EV, HEV, PHEV, or MHEV thrown around when shopping for an electric vehicle so, how do they differ?
The initials EV stand for 'Electric Vehicle' which means it is powered 100% by electricity. All these other vehicle abbreviations with EV refer to a hybrid car. The word hybrid means 'mix', these vehicles are just that, a mix of electricity and gas-powered.
This guide focuses solely on electric cars in Ireland, you can visit our guide to hybrid cars to learn more about these other types of vehicles.
What is a hybrid car? Hybrid cars are very much a compromise between the advantages of ordinary cars with combustion engines and Electric Vehicles. They consume less fuel and emit less CO2 than traditional cars, have more range, and are much less likely to leave you stranded should you run out of one fuel source, as you’ll have the other to keep you going until you can top up your car.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of electric cars?
With fewer moving parts, there is no doubt that electric cars are less expensive to fuel (charge) and run. But are they all that good? We examine the pros and cons of electric cars below.
Advantages of Electric Vehicles
- Cheaper to fuel (charge).
- Energy-efficient - convert more energy to powering a car (around 60% versus 20% for petrol).
- React very quickly and are faster to speed up.
- Easier to fuel if charging at home - no more late-night trips to the petrol station.
- Very quiet - can reduce noise pollution in urban areas.
- Reduced carbon emissions.
Disadvantages of Electric Vehicles
- Very quiet - this can present a higher risk of accidentally hitting pedestrians in built-up areas as they may step out in front of the car if they don’t hear it. However, some manufacturers are now installing artificial sound to ensure people notice the car’s presence.
- “Range anxiety” - worrying about whether you have enough of a battery charge to complete your trip.
- Lower-mid range models have short distance ranges.
- Longer trips need to be planned around charger availability.
- Take longer to “refuel” - it can be at least 30 minutes with fast charges, compared to just a few minutes for petrol or gas.
- The batteries are very expensive, currently, the warranty is only for 8 years, so this will have a large effect on the resale value of second-hand electric cars, although battery packs can also be rented.
Overall, if longer journeys and road trips are your things, then you may want to consider a hybrid car that can offer a longer-distance range. Keep in mind though that hybrid vehicles are just not as clean as EVs and may not be eligible for government grants that EVs are.
Things to consider before buying an electric car
Keeping your budget in mind, there are several other important considerations to think about before purchasing an electric car.
Consider your lifestyle, with particular regards to your current usage of a car, and ask yourself the following questions:
- How often will you be using your vehicle? Just for the home-to-work commute and back, or will you need to drive to several different locations during the day?
- What is the average distance you drive in a day?
- How much time will you have to charge your EV?
- Are there multiple charging stations in my area?
All of these factors, plus our quick list of the pros and cons of electric cars, should help paint a clearer picture of whether an EV is for you. The two most important factors outside of budgetary concerns should be the following:
- The range (distance to travel) your EV will need to have.
- Your charging options.
We explore some of these important factors in further detail in the sections below.
How can I charge an electric car?
There are three ways to charge your electric vehicle. They are as follows:
- At home.
- At work (if your employer provides this option).
- At a public charging station.
In Ireland, there are almost 1,100 public EV charge points, of which 87 are fast charge points that can charge your battery up to 80% in 40 minutes.
So, if the range of your vehicle is 400km a charge, you’ll need to make sure you have enough juice stored up if you’re considering a longer road trip.
There are some drawbacks to consider when using public chargers, these are:
- You cannot count on them being available when you need to charge your electric car.
- You do not know what the electricity cost may be. Some have reported paying six times the price of their home unit rates.
You will need to register for an ESB charge point access card to use public car charge points.
80% of electric car owners charge their cars at home, which is what we recommend, as it enables you to start your day with a 100% charged battery, and works out cheaper. You also don’t need to worry about whether your connector is compatible with your charging station or whether you have to sign up (to ESBs scheme for example) to be able to use your chosen method of charging.
Can I plug my electric car into a normal household outlet?
While technically you can just plug your car into a regular home outlet, it’s not recommended for safety reasons. An externally located outlet may present safety issues, for example when it’s raining, and using a regular outlet means that charging will also take longer.
What are charging stations?
No matter where you charge your car, the main thing to note is whether it is a level 1 or level 2 charging station. The charging station is what interacts with your battery connector to charge your car.
Level 1 charging stations are quite slow providing between 1-1.5 kWh per hour, and a complete charge could take between 8-20 hours depending on the size of your EV’s battery. Level 2 stations charge much faster, at a rate of 3.3-7.4kWh, meaning a complete charge can be reached within 3-8 hours.
Careful research is needed to decide which charging station will best suit your needs at home. A level 1 charger should be fine if you don’t make too many afternoon trips, and your battery is not too big. However, a larger capacity battery may be hard to keep topped up if it needs 20 hours of charging time from a level 1 charger.
It also goes without saying that if you are out and about, or at work and need a battery top-up to extend your range, then using a facility with level 2 chargers is a must.
Several home charging stations also come with smart features, such as remote control charging access (useful to limit who can use your charging station), insight into consumer habits, and the ability to set the battery to charge at cheaper off-peak hours. A home-charging station can cost from €899* upwards but is eligible for an SEAI grant of €600, meaning you’ll only end up €299 out of pocket.
*according to the latest prices from carcharger.ie
Can electric cars save you money?
Although there can be a sizeable initial outlay, somewhat offset by the SEAI grant, there is no doubt that electric cars are cheaper to run and can save you a boatload of cash. Across the board, all associated costs are cheaper and incentivised.
Motor tax on EVs is at the lowest rate, €120 a year. When compared with the next bandwidth of emissions, at €170 a year, that’s a minimum of €50 saved.
VRT (Vehicle registration tax) is also tied to emissions, so fully electric vehicles benefit from a lower VRT rate of 14%, payable only if the car is valued at more than €35,714. This means that all of the vehicles in our cheapest EV selection would have €0 VRT.
Additionally, charging your car at home is much less expensive than paying for petrol or diesel. The average Irish private motorist drives between 17,000-24,000 kilometres a year. Even at the lower end of 17,000km, by using the ESB comparative cost calculator, we can see that the “fuel” cost for an electric car such as the Nissan Leaf would come out to around €215.73 a year, in comparison with €1,836 for petrol and €1,337.90 for diesel. A sizeable difference indeed.
As charging your car at home means the cost will simply be added to your electricity bill, it will be more important than ever to make sure you’re on the best tariff. Remember that switching energy providers every 12 months is crucial to get the best deal. Check out our page on Irish energy providers to choose the best provider.
Some electricity providers also provide interesting offers geared towards EV owners, such as Electric Ireland’s €149 deal for a home charger, which is a steal and will save you another couple of hundred euros.
Lastly, servicing electric cars generally costs around €80 less than with a traditional car. Under the EVTI (Electric Vehicle Toll Incentive) scheme, EV and plug-in hybrid drivers can also benefit from reduced toll charges, capped at a maximum of €500 off a year. For those of us who regularly have to use the M50, those charges quickly add up and a €500 a year discount is nothing to be sniffed at.
Check your eligibility in minutes.
It can sometimes be difficult to tell if you are eligible for energy schemes. Selectra can help you find out in minutes if you are and help you save even more on your energy bills!
What are the best electric cars in Ireland for 2022?
Electric cars may be the wave of the future, but they’re certainly not the cheapest. Hence we’re sure you’d like to get the best quality car for your budget. Have a look at some popular options considered to be some of the best electric cars in Ireland for 2022.
|Audi Q4 e-tron||Electric||€39,788|
|Nissan Leaf e+||Hybrid/Electric||€36,100|
|Tesla Model 3||Electric||€49,900|
What are the cheapest electric cars in Ireland for 2022?
Who said that saving the environment has to cost an arm and a leg? At the end of 2020, according to the Independent Journal, the average spend for an Irish buyer on a new car was €33,000. In the table below, we have rounded up the five cheapest electric cars in Ireland that come under or close to that price tag.
|Hyundai Kona 39||Electric||€30,995|
Where to buy an electric car in Ireland
Apart from established car dealerships, you may be wondering where you can buy second-hand or used electric cars in Ireland. You can always examine the following popular used car websites:
You will want to factor in that used or second-hand electric cars do not qualify for any government grants in Ireland. See our grants section below to see just how much is available for new EVs nowadays.
The SEAI provides several grants geared towards encouraging the uptake of electric cars in Ireland. For new electric cars purchased through approved dealers with price tags of over €14,000, grants of up to €5,000 are available (€3,800 if for a commercial vehicle). The amount awarded is tied to the price of the car, so you'll only qualify for €5,000 if your car costs over €20,000.
If you have checked out our section on the cheapest electric cars in Ireland, you’ll see that the vast majority of EVs are over the €20k price tag, meaning you’ll probably qualify for the highest grant.
How much does it cost to charge an electric car?
A full overnight charge at home can cost as little as €2. If you have a detached garage or carport, or an unobstructed roof over where you park your car, you could also consider installing a solar panel to charge your car.
After the initial outlay, you’ll benefit from free “refuelling”, and some solar panel installations may also benefit from SEAI grants.
No matter which charging option you opt for, the increased amount of electricity usage for your home will call for a great energy plan. Be sure to compare the market and find the best deal for your home.
You can also enquire with your car dealership. Some of them have special agreements with energy companies like Energia to give you a great energy price plan for your new Electric Vehicle.
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Demystifying electric cars: quick fact sheet
Detractors of electric cars have urged consumers to realize that EVs cannot be as green as they are claimed to be if they are still run on electricity generated by coal-fired power plants.
However, there are a few issues with such a simplistic view. The first one is the fact that every electric car removes petrol or diesel-burning cars from circulation. This in turn also removes the exhaust fumes and emissions of that car. This means less health and environment-damaging greenhouse gases emitted.
Secondly, electric cars are more efficient and need a third less energy than a petrol-fuelled car to go the same distance. So although the car is essentially being fuelled by electricity generated from the same fuel it is meant to replace, it is using less of it (and thus lowering your carbon footprint).
Finally, there is also the option of charging your car using solar power, truly having a zero-emissions car, or indeed switching to a 100% renewable energy supplier.
On the other hand, we do need to factor in the energy-intensive production required for EV batteries. This may total more energy than that required to produce a conventional car.
Just bought a spanking new electric vehicle? Chafing in anticipation of the pain that comes from paying not only VAT but VRT (Vehicle Registration Tax)? Well, then you’ll probably be happy to know that you can claim back up to €6,000 of VRT.
As VRT is calculated on the CO2 emissions of any given vehicle and given that electric vehicles cause much less pollution and air contamination, the gig is up for the government levying environmental charges against these vehicles.
If you missed the boat the first time around when you initially purchased your car, you can still claim back some of your VRT. Any category A or B vehicles purchased before 31st December 2021 can benefit from up to €6,000 VRT relief.
If you purchased your electric car or motorcycle outside of Ireland and are bringing it here, you will need to pay VRT on your new vehicle. So make sure you apply for an NCT (National Car Test) within seven days of the vehicle arriving on our shores. You’ll then be able to arrange a VRT booking, keeping in mind the discounted rates above. You can calculate your rate of VRT online so there will be no nasty surprises on the day.
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